|C230 Brass||(available in Pipe)|
|C260 Brass||(available in Foil, Plate, Sheet, Tube)|
|C360 Brass||(available in Hex, Rectangle, Round, Square)|
|C464 Brass||(available in Plate, Round, Sheet)|
|C770 Nickel Silver||(available in Sheet)|
As the name would imply, this material is reddish in color. It is one of the stronger brass items that we carry.
|C230 Red Brass|
|Minimum Properties||Ultimate Tensile Strength, psi||70,300|
|Yield Strength, psi||57,300|
|Chemistry||Copper (Cu)||84 - 86%|
|Iron (Fe)||0.05% min|
|Lead (Pb)||0.06% min|
260 Brass is known by about a zillion different names, but the most common are yellow brass and cartridge brass, the second because it is generally used for shell casings. As a rule, it is only available in sheet, and is not very machinable, but is a great combination of formability and workability.
|C260 Cartridge Brass|
|Minimum Properties||Ultimate Tensile Strength, psi||61,600|
|Yield Strength, psi||52,200|
|Chemistry||Copper (Cu)||68.5 - 71.5%|
|Zinc (Zn)||28.5 - 31.5%|
|Iron (Fe)||0.05% max|
|Lead (Pb)||0.07% max|
We've never figured out why this material doesn't have a nickname, but that is the metals industry for you. It is normally only available in tubing products, and has a good balance of both workability and machinability (the latter due to the presence of lead). If you've ever seen a brass fire pole, or, um, any other kind of brass poles, chances are you were looking at 330 Brass.
|Minimum Properties||Ultimate Tensile Strength, psi||65,300|
|Yield Strength, psi||50,000|
|Chemistry||Copper (Cu)||65 - 68%|
|Iron (Fe)||0.07% max|
|Lead (Pb)||0.2 - 0.8%|
Free Machining brass is the most commonly used of the brass rod and bar items. The presence of lead in the alloy creates a highly machinable material that can easily be cut and shaped into whatever you need. It is not so good, however, at forming operations.
|C360 Free Machining Brass|
|Minimum Properties||Ultimate Tensile Strength, psi||58,000|
|Yield Strength, psi||45,000|
|Chemistry||Copper (Cu)||60 - 63%|
|Iron (Fe)||0.35% min|
|Lead (Pb)||2.5 - 3.7%|
Used primarily in applications where corrosion resistance is important, the material has a small amount of tin added to help deal with corrosion, especially in seawater.
|C464 Naval Brass / Naval Bronze|
|Minimum Properties||Ultimate Tensile Strength, psi||75,000|
|Yield Strength, psi||52,900|
|Chemistry||Copper (Cu)||59 - 62%|
|Iron (Fe)||0.10% max|
|Tin (Sn)||0.5 - 1.00%|
Nickel Silver is named for its silvery appearance, but surprisingly contains no silver at all.
|C770 Nickel Silver|
|Minimum Properties||Ultimate Tensile Strength, psi||108,000|
|Yield Strength, psi||89,900|
|Chemistry||Copper (Cu)||53.5 - 56.5%|
|Iron (Fe)||0.25% max|
|Manganese (Mn)||0.5% max|
|Nickel (Ni)||16.5 - 19.5%|
|Lead (Pb)||0.1% max|
At OnlineMetals, we all failed shop class. Multiple times. As a matter of fact, our employment applications specifically ask to see people's grades for their high school shop classes. If they're too high, they go into the rejected pile. We're also not engineers, and cannot make any specific recommendations about the suitability of a given alloy, temper, or shape for your project or application.